Tuesday, 26 January 2021
Johannesburg: More than 60 percent of adults would definitely or probably take a COVID-19 vaccine, a survey has found, as the country gears up to administer its first doses of the jab in the next coming weeks.
This is contained in a survey by the University of Johannesburg (UJ) and Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) on the public’s willingness to take a COVID-19 vaccine and reasons for their decision.
According to the research, 67% of adults would definitely or probably take a vaccine if it was available compared to the 18% who said they would definitely not or probably not take a vaccine, while 15% were undecided.
The findings are from the latest round of the UJ/HSRC COVID-19 Democracy Survey completed by 10 618 participants.
The institutions’ findings were weighted by race, education, age and are broadly representative of the population at large, the researchers said.
“The briefing demonstrates that race, education and age play a role in shaping vaccine acceptance.”
White adults were least “accepting” of a vaccine; 55% responding that they would take the vaccine compared to 69% of Black African adults.
Sixty-nine percent of men indicated that they would take the vaccine in comparison to 65% of women, even though researchers said this was based on a small number of responses.
“Acceptance among adults with less than matric-level education was 72%, compared with 59% for those with tertiary education.”
For those who were either unsure or against taking the jab, the most common explanations related to concerns about side-effects (25%) and overall effectiveness of the vaccine (18%).
Meanwhile, a majority of people said they needed more information.
“Explanations related to conspiracy theories or the occult did not appear frequently, 7% and 4% respectively.”
In addition, the most common explanations that people gave for wanting to vaccinate were to protect oneself (29%), closely followed by the desire to protect others (25%).
“Another notable finding was that those who expressed a willingness to sacrifice certain human rights to stop the spread of the virus were far more favourable towards vaccination than those opposed to sacrificing rights.”
The HSRC’s Professor Narnia Bohler-Muller has called for education around vaccines and its rollout.
“The analysis shows that vaccine hesitancy comes down to a range of legitimate concerns about a vaccine developed and rolled out in record time, as well as some distrust in the government and corporations. We need a vaccine literacy campaign that provides factual information that will sway the waverers,” Bohler-Muller said.
Her colleague, UJ’s Professor Kate Alexander welcomed the findings.
“It is excellent news that such a large and representative survey shows that 67% now want to take the vaccine. The biggest challenge is to make sure that the majority get what they want,” Alexander added.
In his weekly newsletter, President Cyril Ramaphosa reiterated government’s mass vaccination campaign strategy would reach all corners of the country, prioritising those most in need as the country prepares to receive its first consignment of COVID-19 vaccines.
In coming weeks, the country will receive a batch of 1.5 million AstraZeneca vaccine doses from the Serum Institute of India, the world’s largest vaccine producer.
The President wrote that this would signal the start of a mass vaccination campaign that will be the most ambitious and extensive in the country’s history.
“It will reach all parts of the country and will be phased to ensure that those most in need are prioritised. The first vaccines to arrive will be provided to healthcare workers, who will be targeted in the first phase.
“The second phase will include essential workers, teachers, the elderly and those with comorbidities. The third phase will include other adults in the population,” President Ramaphosa said on Monday.
The comprehensive rollout strategy and an accompanying logistical framework will be implemented in partnership with the private sector, civil society, traditional leadership, the religious sector and others, he added.